Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can affect anyone – kids, teens, and adults. This mental disorder is widely diagnosed in children. Kids with ADHD are unable to control their urges and they may be hyperactive. They may have a problem in focusing. This condition affects both of their home and school life. It affects boys more than girls. Usually, it is diagnosed in early school years when he starts having trouble to focus in studies. Adults suffering from ADHD may have trouble in being organized, managing time, setting goals and doing their work properly. They may also suffer from problems with self-esteem, relationships and addiction.
Symptoms of ADHD in Children
Symptoms of ADHD in children are split into 3 categories –
With ADHD, a child has one or all of these problems –
- Trouble staying seated well
- Fidgets, squirms or bounces while sitting
- Trouble playing properly
- Talks more
- Is always on the move, such as climbing or running on things (it is usually known as restlessness in adults and teens)
A child may have one of these problems –
- Can be distracted easily
- Doesn’t finish tasks or follow directions
- Doesn’t seem to be listening
- Makes silly mistakes and cannot pay attention
- Problems doing daily tasks
- Forgets in daily activities
- Loses things
- Not liking any task which needs sitting properly
- Likely to daydream
This way, your child may –
- Blurt off answers
- Problem waiting for their turn
- Disturb others
ADHD Symptoms in Adults
- Forgetfulness or chronic lateness
- Problems at work
- Low self-esteem
- Trouble in controlling anger
- Substance addiction or abuse
- Chronic boredom
- Mood swings
- Trouble in focus while reading
- Relationship issues
Causes of ADHD
The causes are still not found. But researchers claim various things to be responsible for reduced focus –
- Chemical Imbalance – Brain chemicals may go off balance in people with this disorder.
- Infections, poor nutrition, alcohol, smoking and substance abuse on pregnancy. These activities and conditions can affect the brain development of the baby.
- Brain changes – There are certain areas that control focus in the brain. They are less active in some children with this disorder.
- Toxins like lead may affect the brain development of child
- A brain disorder or brain injury – Damage to frontal lobe (front part of the brain) can cause trouble in controlling emotions and urges
- Keep in mind that ADHD is not related to poor school life, home life, food allergies or watching TV too much.
ADHD cannot be cured or prevented. However, you can help an adult or child with ADHD manage symptoms by providing a good educational plan, treatment and detecting it early.
Treatment Options to Control ADHD
Several ADHD symptoms can be controlled with therapy and medication.
Medications – Stimulants are capable of helping control impulsive behavior and hyperactivity and improve focus span. Some of them are –
- Adderall, Dexedrine
- Metadate, Quillivant, Ritalin, Methylin etc.
Keep in mind that stimulants don’t be suitable for everyone suffering from ADHD. For children above 6 years, some non-stimulant medications may be recommended, such as Clonidine, Atomoxetine, and Guanfacine. Such types of treatments are known to deal with changing behavior.
- With the help of special education, you can help your child improve focus. Have a routine or structure to help your kid with ADHD.
- Behavioral modification is also helpful to adopt good behaviors and avoid bad ones.
- With counseling, you can learn better ways to control your urges, emotions, and frustration. It is also helpful to improve self-esteem. Counseling can teach family members to understand their family member or child with ADHD better.
- You can learn certain behaviors like sharing and taking turns with social skills training.
- There are certain support groups you can join with people having same problems and needs. It can promote support and acceptance. With the help of groups, you can also learn more about your problem.
Tips to Deal with ADHD in Daily Life
- Whether you have to remember too much or you have ADHD, you may start organizing things and have a daily planner to manage your activities and time better. Put all the activities and appointments on the calendar. No matter if it is on Smartphone, day planner or just an old desk calendar. Keep your planner at one place and keep an eye on it around 3 times in a day.
- Mostly people with ADHD tend to get bored so easily, especially in paperwork and routine tasks. So, it is too hard to stay focused in studies or at work. This way, you can split huge tasks into smaller ones, take notes during meetings and have a leisure walk or get a fresh breeze during tasks.
- There are certain distractions that can be a big trouble at work for adults. This way, you may schedule checking your social media accounts during breaks and turn your calls to voicemail so you can check them out only at a free time. Listen to music while doing work and do only one task at a time.
- Forgetting deadlines, meetings, medications and various other responsibilities can lead a big trouble in personal life or at work. This way, you can make your Smartphone a personal reminder to alert you about deadlines and appointments. Before every event, your tablet or Smartphone can alert you.
Several people with ADHD lead a happy, successful and fulfilling life. Treatment is helpful to some extent. It is wise to consider the symptoms and ask the doctor properly. Sometimes, treatments and medications which were effective before may stop working anymore. You may want to make changes in your treatment plan. The ADHD symptoms may get better in teenage or early adulthood for many people. You may try the above tips to improve focus and make your life better.